Custom Notification Sound Android

Google Discounts Nexus 4 Android. On Android 3. The notification will only sound off at the beginning. New SMS /TXT message. Note: Beginning with Android 8. Please like, share and subscribe to my YouTube channels for more tips and tricks This video also. To make a custom SMS or email message notification click on: MESSAGES -> MENU -> SETTINGS -> SELECT SOUND The files you uploaded into notifications should appear on the list. The steps may vary with different versions of Android. Android phones are highly customizable, so make good use of all the features it has. Just use any notification tone. You can customize sounds for each alert action, select an awakening sound for New Alerts and a different sound for Schedule Starts. This app allows you to trim a music file. The user can expand the notification bar and by selecting the notification the user can trigger another activity. This can be. With the Android market having so many ringtone apps available, there is no reason you should have old-fashioned ringer as your default ringtone. These are going to be the notification sounds the app uses. Page 1 of 42. Once you move your files into those, they will appear in your menu. I get notifications in the middle of the night I never see because notification sound is so. Also android notification sounds download and set as default notification sound. Android notification is a message that we can display to the user outside of our application’s normal UI. It’s not using ANY of my custom notification tones when I set them through Settings > Sounds > Notification Ringtone. Material Notification Shade gives you the experience of Nougat, Oreo, and P's Notification manager. Hearing white noise has a ton of benefits including stress-free sleep and other physiological and neurological benefits. From the home screen, tap Apps. You can choose to have no notification sound, the default OS sound or use a custom sound. But that does not mean you cannot set a custom ringtone or notification tone for individual contacts on the Galaxy S10 series. Main Functionality. Android's flexible operating system allows for lots of customization, and one of the most common ways to add personal flair to your smartphone is to set your own ringtones and notification sounds. mp3 file of any duration you see fit because we won't actually be using the notification's tone payload to play the sound due to some quirkiness in the way Xamarin handles custom notification tones on Android. This did not used to be the case. Method 2: Change the notification sound. Set Different Notification Sounds For Different Apps On Android. So if you are carrying on a text conversation, and leave the app is open, you'll have to look at the phone to see when the other person replies. To disable this feature: Launch the Outlook. These are going to be the notification sounds the app uses. S8 Oreo Update - Custom Text Message Notification Sound Vanished? My Samsung Galaxy S8 just updated to Oreo and I no longer have custom message notifications. You can also browse the topics below to find what you are looking for. I’ll also let you know how to add personalized notification sounds without the need of PC and a USB cable. 3) wide display helps to read the messages. But the customized ringtones could not be used as text notification sound. With the phone mounted as a USB drive, look for a new folder called "ringtones" (all lower case). Android: MegaSound is a free utility that lets you set custom notification sounds for each app on your phone. At Custom Notifications screen tap on “Message Sound”, then select the ringtone of your choice for the group. Developers who have apps with custom notification sound, custom light and/or custom vibration pattern. Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project. iphoneapp/Sparrow. A quick example of how to schedule multiple notifications at certain hours using AlarmManager. any other ordinary, and far less relevant phone notification. Just follow the above mentioned steps to set your custom notifications and make use of your WhatsApp in the best way. You’ll see a list of notification sounds. Then the sound shows within the app I use for text. One thing that isn’t immediately obvious, though, is how to set custom notifications, alarms, and ringtones. Vibrate - Turn notification vibration on/off. So you should always apply support library styles such as TextAppearance_Compat_Notification for the text and TextAppearance_Compat_Notification_Title for the title in your custom layout. Preview and download for free sounds from the Notification Sounds category. Our single download-able package ahead contains all Samsung Galaxy Note 9 official ringtones, notification sounds, UI sounds and even S-Pen sounds. The upcoming Android 10 based OPPO skin should be known as ColorOS 7. Here are all the New Features in Android P DP1 for the Google Pixel/XL & Pixel 2/XL [Part 2] Largely believed to be announced on Pi day (March 14th), Android P Developer Preview 1 was unexpectedly. Scroll to and tap Settings. Touch the Notifications. This is what I am hoping for. We tested out the various notification apps for Android and we found the best among them. Same goes for "Notifications", just tap on it and choose the notification sound you like and hit "OK" to set it. Android only supports. It's merely a matter of copying the sound files you want into their proper locations. How to Set Custom Ringtone on Samsung Galaxy S10. Do you want to add custom notification sound on Facebook Messenger App on Android? Do you want to change the default notification of any messenger app? Are you getting bored with Facebook Messenger default notification sound? Well, whatever is your reason, we are here to help you. I will share two methods on how to change WhatsApp notification sound. Suppose you are in a meeting and get a WhatsApp. Copy a sound file to your Android. I don't really know if anything significant changed in my phone, but since yesterday my previously set custom alarm sounds are gone. Select your account. Please note that this feature is completely separate from the Ringtone ID feature which that one is designed to provide a unique ringtone per caller and said ringtone is generated from the phone and cannot be customized. you need to create a different channel and set sound to it to make it work. Windows Quirks. i have a samsung galaxy j1. Confused by all the tweaks? That's why. You can expand notifications to full size, filter messages, and apply custom interaction settings (push left/right, single/double tap). Does anybody know how to set custom sound to the push notifications in Android. Use a specific sound that differs from the sounds for email or text. The Outlook sounds got erased from new emails list in a past update and have never been replaced. The notification sound my Android device was making every time I received an email message was annoying. Changing the default notification sound changes the. Outlook EMail and Outlook EMail Sent are both in the sent sounds. Go to MENU at the top right corner & touch Settings. In that sub-menu, go to Notification sound & touch to chose a sound from the list. Tap the preferred notification sound and then tap the Back key. 0 now allows apps like Gmail to bundle their notifications in the notification shade (although not all apps do this). One of the things I love to change is the sounds my phone makes, and this guide goes how you can make your own custom notification sounds and ringtones. This app has more than 30 high quality best ringtones and sounds and this app is completely free! This app has easy to use interface and also has option to hear ringtone sound before you set that sound as ringtone, or message tone or any notification tone. Some lost the notification tones after a WhatsApp or software update; others are having the problem because custom notification tone doesn't work on their phones. Not all programs support it. Open Messenger. In the phone's notification area, you should see a USB notification. It worked on my Keyone, but am unable to locate the files on the Motion. When you're finished, hit. ability to create search folder and assign custom notifications like folder-A for all my managers with notifications A folder-B for my reportees with notification B. To provide a better user experience, notifications on Android N have received a visual refresh, improved support for custom views, and expanded functionality in the forms of Direct Reply, a new MessagingStyle, and bundled notifications. I am wanting to assign a whistle similar to the Samsung Whistle to my WhatsApp notifications, but cannot find anyway at all to do it. 0 Marshmallow: 21 tips to master Google’s OS update apps can now make use of Chrome Custom Tabs to display web pages without leaving the app (in Twitter or Facebook, for example. Here's how to make a custom notification message ringtone on the Samsung Galaxy S2 when you already have a music files stored or saved on your phone. Tap Edit, and your options will expand. Download and open a file manager app. I know on my phone you make a folder called notifications and put the mp3 file in there. It's merely a matter of copying the sound files you want into their proper locations. Introduction. Add New Notification sounds. In this Android tip, I am going to show you how to use a custom notification sound. also moving email to other should be available through swipe option. Activity;import android. The sound option has been defined, but at the time of writing no browser has implemented it yet. Android Devices are rolled out widely in the world. Page 1 of 42. Custom Alert Sounds; Deep Linking; Delaying In App Notifications; Handling Sailthru Links; Interactive Notifications; Key-Value Payloads; Silent Push Notifications; Updating Pushes; Using SPM on Mobile; Working with NFC; Android: Notification Handling; Android: Rich Notifications; Android. • /sdcard/Alarms for alarm sounds. Custom Notification Sounds in Outlook for Android I recently had to reinstall the Outlook app on my cell phone from the Google Play store, and I've run into some trouble getting my custom notification sounds set back up. At Custom Notifications screen tap on “Message Sound”, then select the ringtone of your choice for the group. Download APK Poweramp Music Player (Trial) v3. To set a custom notification sound: Locate the custom notification sound you want to use, make sure it's short as it's only a sound for notifications (I'll be using "Jingle ~ Neverending Trouble") Move it or copy it to the Notifications folder located at the root directory of your device; Open up Settings. Android Chats. Timestamp Details & Code. Im not 100% sure about this on a phone but on my Nexus 7, i had to set up within the app. Then go to the main Android Settings, and find the. Also, you can customize the look and feel with colors and animations. Move or copy the sound file to Notifications folder. Depending what notifications you want, you can change settings for certain apps or for your whole phone. What’s to stop that notification sound playing if I get a text message from a contact that has a custom sound? Will Tasker not try and play both? A) YES! Good thinking… We need to set up an ‘exclude list’! The quickest way to do this is to wait until you’ve finished your custom notification task. Tap an account to edit its options Once in the options menu, you'll have the ability to edit each of the settings below: Notifications - Turn sound and icon notifications on/off. You may add a custom sound with every notification you send, or you may add sounds to just certain types of notifications. One of my favorites is the Ringtone Maker app. Custom data of notification message is available in the intent extras. Change your notification sound. We listed 10 notification apps for Android that can totally change your experience with Notifications and make your life a little easier. " See: How to Stop WhatsApp Saving Photos on Android. 0, notifications can also appear on the lock screen:. One of them is Notification Dots. 0, as is reported by a few people on Stack Overflow. A folder containing Various Windows Phone 8. It is listed as such in the Whatsapp settings. 9+), we’ve added custom notification sounds for our different types of notifications and alerts. You can then tap the ones you wish to set custom sounds for and select the alert tone you want your phone to play when that app sends you a notification. The upcoming Android 10 based OPPO skin should be known as ColorOS 7. Setting MP3 as custom notification tone. How to Add Notification Sounds on Android. Here you can see the two different ways to change text message notification sound on android lollipop and upcoming android 6. As I see it, when I construct the builder object, I must fill in the SetSound, which requires URI of the sound file. You can make use of this feature to assign Custom Ringtones and Custom Message Notification tones for both Individual and Group Contacts on your Android Phone or tablet. Here, you can can go ahead and disable any type of notification you don’t want to receive. Notification settings. Just use any notification tone. You can add other sound effects to Microsoft Office applications such as Outlook for tasks, such as sending an e-mail message, and zoom in or backward views. Push notification is the single biggest feature to keep your users engaged with your app. Android apps that in principle should trigger notification sounds like e. Check the cases when your custom sound won't be played. Updated: March 29, 2019. User can click it to see the notification details. In Android devices there is no easy option to set a custom or own notification ringtone. Page 1 of 45. Music Player Pro can easily browse and play music songs by genres, albums, artists, songs and folder. Getting ready If we are going to support Android versions prior to 3. You can also browse the topics below to find what you are looking for. How to Get Custom Ringtones and Notifications to Show on Motorola Devices. Scroll to and tap Sounds and vibration. “How do you get custom notification sounds for different apps in Samsung Galaxy Note 3? So far, I can only set one notification that applies to everything. Apart from contributing articles here, he also takes care of our YouTube Channel. WhatsApp custom. Add Custom Notification Sounds on Android using a PC. Just got the Lumia 930 which is great, although slightly disappointed on its lack of ability to assign custome notification tones. mp3) file into the raw folder in the res folder. RingtoneManager is used to access all types of sounds like ringtone, notification and alarm etc. Timeriffic For Android Lets You Set Custom WiFi, Data, Ringtone & Notification Sounds, Media/System Volume Profiles Based On Time Of Day By Awais Imran | March 18th, 2012 If there’s one thing where Android really excels, it’s in its ability to be customized by the user in ways iOS users can’t even fathom. The steps may vary with different versions of Android. Even without rooting the phone, you can easily customize it to your heart’s content with third-party apps. Click the Notification Sounds. It should work the same way on the Fire. From the messaging app, tap the Menu icon. For the purpose of this exercise, custom layout is designed to have an image, a larger and a smaller text underneath, just like the default notification:. Step 1: Open the Contacts app and select the contact of your choice for which you want to set up a custom ringtone. Select a sound under the Notification sound list. Custom ringtones, alarms, notification sounds on Android 8. Here is a short step-by-step guide on how to change notification sounds on Android. NotificationManag up vote 26 down vote favorite 6 I copied the mp3 (kalimba. Creating Android Notification. Android Quirks. When implementing a push solution it is critical to think about all the small details that will make your app be more usable and stand out. The app allows you to choose a voice or sound notification. From the home screen, tap Apps. Using the same method you can remove it for other apps. How OnePlus phones will smartly sort your texts using on-device AI Apple and Google can't sort texts. Find and tap on Sound and notification, your device may just say Sound. We look at how to turn off Android app notifications in. All you need to have is a PC, USB cable and a set of notification sounds you want to add. You can put a custom ringtone on a Notification, via methods like setSound() on NotificationCompat. iPhone Notifications is a cool notifier that monitors and displays app notifications in iPhone style banners or Alerts (Available for free). With the Android notification sounds, you can easily embrace Android customization for our phone. Notification sounds can be a lot of fun to play with and a great way to embrace Android customization. Here's how it's done. " Tap on it. When I wrote this, LINE only catch the sounds of its own folder… if it has changed i'll edit the post 😉. You can have one alert for an incoming SMS, another for a new email, another for. Click the Notification Sounds. 1 Now the sound notifications for gmail are gone. We have often seen that customizing notification sound for iOS or Android apps is often simply ignored. Introduction. 22 notification sounds; 52 UI sounds; Download Samsung Galaxy S10 Ringtones. Our guide will show you how to change the notification sound on Android, WhatsApp and Facebook. The Outlook. This site and the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) repository offer the information and source code needed to create custom variants of the Android OS, port devices and accessories to the Android platform, and ensure devices meet the compatibility requirements that keep the. Some of the stock Android sounds are cool, but setting your own notification sounds really adds that personal touch to your device-and it seems like the sort of thing you should be able to do, doesn't it?. Add Custom Ringtones on Android Adding a personalized ringtone on Android is a no-brainer. Basically what I am looking to do, is to change the notification sound to be different from my SMS message sound. Lets take a look at the typical code to create a Local Notification in Ionic 1: In the object being passed to the schedule method you see a sound property. It allows you to set custom notification sounds per contact and runs parallel to whatever messaging app you currently use. 0, we will have to install the Xamarin Support Library v4 NuGet or component into our project. How to Change the Notification Sound on Facebook Messenger on Android. Developer Student Clubs train thousands of student developers globally and work with their communities to solve real-life problems. how to get custom notification sounds android,. Unfortunately, you couldn't do the same for their Google Hangouts. Tap and choose how long to turn off notifications. How to change the notification sounds in Lumia 950 & 950 XL. But if the app is being updated and the notification channel is used before, it won't be updated. Whether it be through custom ROMs, icon packs and launchers, and right down to the notification and ringtone sounds. First the sound has to be in the notification fold. no notification sound on text messages I installed Go SMS Pro and Chomp SMS because I thought it would be cute to have the same emoticons that I was missing from my iPhone 4S. Did you know, however, you can make Gmail for Android notify you with different sounds for each account? Or that you can set custom notifications for each label? Here's how to customize your Gmail notifications in Android. Tap the Menu button on your Android device, then tap Options. Set as ringtone, alarm, notification. You can even use any ringtone as WhatsApp notification sound. 1 notification sounds has been posted by an user on Reddit. It does not show the notification sounds in the Notifications folder on the SD card. Part Two [Android]: Server Specific Notifications: In addition to global notifications settings, Discord also has specific per-server notifications settings as well. The following links are examples of common patterns on the web. Suppose you are in a meeting and get a WhatsApp. Filed notification tones and system UI sounds for your smartphone Gmail receiving wider rollout for Dark Mode on Android 10. This app contains the best selection of quality sounds and melodies that you can use as ringtones, notifications, and alarms. Set WhatsApp Custom Notifications For Contacts And Groups Android. For the purpose of this exercise, custom layout is designed to have an image, a larger and a smaller text underneath, just like the default notification:. 0 now allows apps like Gmail to bundle their notifications in the notification shade (although not all apps do this). If it doesn't exist, create it. In this video today we will see how to set custom text notification sound for android device. I cannot find any thread with this "issue" i am facing on some devices since they updated to android 7 roms. On Android this feature is no only supported, but it's actually very simple. It appears to be a bug - if you go into Messenger settings, Notifications & Sounds, Notification Sound, only the built-in notification sounds are shown. Thanks to the latest Android update where a lot of the custom sounds were taken away, the only way i have found to be able to change the sound is to go into your PHONES settings, under apps, select the Arlo app, then go down to notifications, and then on the bottom select notifications again, and there you can choose the level of "severity" of the notification AND should have a place where it shows what sound will play. You'll also find an extra method that cancels all three notifications. Android O feature spotlight: Easily add custom ringtones, alarm sounds, and notification sounds Android Police Oh Android you have the most modern and complicated of features, yet every once in a while we're reminded of one basic, really really really really basic, feature that you're still missing. I'll also let you know how to add personalized notification sounds without the need of PC and a USB cable. Drop your custom ringtones and notifications in each. How to set or change custom notification tone for Gmail app. Suppose you are in a meeting and get a WhatsApp. Page 1 of 45. com app for Android will emit a small audio notification each time you receive an email. The notification options include a default setting that falls back on the app’s internal notification sound or any of the Windows Phone 8. I am trying to add a custom ringtone for phone calls as well as add the "text-tight" notification for texts on my Motion. You can also browse the topics below to find what you are looking for. Android makes it easy to assign custom ringtones to personalize your Android phone and get rid of that annoying "droid" sound every time your phone rings. You half solved my issue, I honestly didn't know I could set e-mail and SMS notification sounds independent of each other, so thanks for that. You can by simply following the steps below. Tweet sent TONS OF ALERTS INCLUDED Tons of sound effects, weather sounds, pets, animals, explosions, sirens, comedians, silly, popular sounds, requests from customers, lasers, quotes, babies. Changing your notification sounds may seem like a basic task, but you could make your Android experience completely new. Open the group you want. Copy a sound file to your Android. Wav/Mp3/Ogg Audio Recorder/Field Recorder/Call Recorder, Real-time Voice Changer - ApkPr. It allows you to set custom notification sounds per contact and runs parallel to whatever messaging app you currently use. New alarm 6. These instructions are for the default Android Messaging app. The alert tone you receive when you have a notification on Instagram is the default alert tone for your phone. You can expand notifications to full size, filter messages, and apply custom interaction settings (push left/right, single/double tap). It was great. Tap Notifications and select a notification level. Besides mastering your Android notification bar, the simplest way of changing notification sounds on an Android phone is through the built-in process. To set a song as your custom notification sound, follow these steps: If the music file is on your PC/Mac, transfer the file into the Notifications folder on your Android device. Just got the Lumia 930 which is great, although slightly disappointed on its lack of ability to assign custome notification tones. This app has more than 30 high quality best ringtones and sounds and this app is completely free! This app has easy to use interface and also has option to hear ringtone sound before you set that sound as ringtone, or message tone or any notification tone. From the messaging app, tap the Menu icon. In this Android tip, I am going to show you how to use a custom notification sound. 0, and Aggravation. Start your search now and free your phone. With a teensy bit of custom-tuning, though, you can inject some much-needed intelligence into your Android device's Gmail notifications so that only your most urgent incoming messages will alert. notify() because you'll need it later if you want to update or remove the notification. If you want custom notification sound of your Gmail with push notification you have to do this: Make email account which iOS Mail can provide with Push notification (iCloud for instance). However, they aren’t currently supported on iOS, although they hope to be soon. When you're finished, hit. Find the sound file you prefer and then cut or copy it. I also really appreciate that the light notification is different too! I know ios allows a custom sound for apps but I believe it's not something set by the user, just the developer. It is now a valuable resource for people who want to make the most of their mobile devices, from customizing the look and feel to adding new functionality. Use Notification Channels to customize your Android notifications Mobile notifications can be a real hassle. Under your account, make sure the switch is set to On. The facebook app has a similar setting, but allows me to select from ALL my custom sounds. Some notifications can also show on your lock screen and home screen. If you're an Android user and you work in places where many of your colleagues have the same notification sound, or if you simply want to personalize your smartphone or tablet, chances are that you'll want to learn how to change the default notification sound of your Android device. Did you know, however, you can make Gmail for Android notify you with different sounds for each account? Or that you can set custom notifications for each label? Here's how to customize your Gmail notifications in Android. Updated: March 29, 2019. Add Custom Notification Sounds on Android using a PC. Tap the preferred notification sound and then tap the Back key. They tell meet that they cannot make custom sounds for iOS, which I find odd. 0 now allows apps like Gmail to bundle their notifications in the notification shade (although not all apps do this). 1 native ringtones or those ringtones you have installed. We tested out the various notification apps for Android and we found the best among them. Pre-requisites To Set App Specific Notification Sound On iPhone : Before proceeding further, make sure your device is Jailbroken. 0 marshmallow device. Because notifications can be very annoying, the user can disable notifications for each application. Tom? Ooma Support/Developers? I realize this is an old request, but it still hasn't been provided! What is the status? I agree 100%: without the ability to set a specific/unique/custom notification with the Ooma Home Security App, there is no audible differentiation from a serious home security alert vs. But this will show multiple channels in the notifications section of app info of your app. The steps in this first section are for setting ringtones for individual contacts. i have tried as instructed in the manual and even checked online, but none of them work. You have multiple email accounts, each for different purposes and with varying levels of importance, so it only makes sense to customize the way your phone alerts you to each account's incoming emails. Here is a complete set of Samsung Galaxy S9 and S9+ audio files including ringtones, notification tones, UI or system tones, etc. Note: In case, if you can't see the folder mentioned below, then create one with the same name in "Internal Storage" and then follow the step. Unfortunately, you couldn't do the same for their Google Hangouts. Download free sounds tagged with Mp3. Basically what I am looking to do, is to change the notification sound to be different from my SMS message sound. But, we can make a custom notification ringtone manually. A Notification is created using the NotificationManager class as shown. Setting up FCM in your Application. Please like, share and subscribe to my YouTube channels for more tips and tricks This video also. You can set a customized iPhone notification sound to have a personalized and unique ringtone and text tone. A notification is a message you can display to the user outside of your Android application. In the phone's notification area, you should see a USB notification. But, we can make a custom notification ringtone manually. Your custom txt message notice sounds should be listed. When the notification is issued, it first appears in the notification area of the […]. I want a different sound from each app that has push notification. 5) small speaker is provided to get to know that you received a. With Android M, customization is only going to get better. At the time of writing, there is no visible affect to notifications with a custom timestamp. Vibrate when ringing - This option allows you to manage whether your phone vibrates when you get a call or message on Viber. Once you open the message app and start texting, you will not get additional sound notifications unless you either close, or minimize the app. Yet, when I get a whatsapp message, the notification sound is the general text message sound. Tap the My device tab. Copy a sound file to your Android device. You have a lot of customization options!. It's not using ANY of my custom notification tones when I set them through Settings > Sounds > Notification Ringtone. 3) wide display helps to read the messages. To make a custom SMS or email message notification click on: MESSAGES -> MENU -> SETTINGS -> SELECT SOUND The files you uploaded into notifications should appear on the list. Change App Notification. Outlook EMail and Outlook EMail Sent are both in the sent sounds. You can also assign ringtones to specific contacts. The problem is, when we try to display image with text. All you need to have is a PC, USB cable and a set of notification sounds you want to add. Been asking for this since the app came out. You can create your own sound notification if you'd like(or have the skill) and the app will give you the option to pick that. BUT it has two major flaws that make it basically worthless. On the SD card, create a folder /media/audio and inside create separate folders named alarms, notifications and ringtones. Sometimes, you may want to be reminded that you have a new message or you need to do something until you read the message or check the item. Customize WhatsApp Notification with Notification Channels on Android. Starting from Android 8, in order to send the notification with your own custom sound, you need to create its own Notification Channel for each of them. Samsung users lost the ability to set custom ringtones for each thread in the default Samsung Messages app as of Android 8. But the customized ringtones could not be used as text notification sound. 0 and later, the small notification icon is displayed as a badge over the large icon: Beginning with Android 5. Tap Apps & notifications Messages App notifications. How do you set a custom notification sound in the latest OOS? I can set a custom ringtone and text tone but not for general app notifications. Tap on "Notification Sound" and "Vibrations" to customize the alert Some weeks back I stopped receiving push notifications on my Android phone of new Gmail messages. You can put a custom ringtone on a Notification, via methods like setSound() on NotificationCompat. Just use any notification tone. sparrowmailapp. Notification Alert - Custom sound possible? Discussion in 'General Discussions' started by mjk, Nov 7, 2009. Now all we have to do is to build the remote view. Depending what notifications you want, you can change settings for certain apps or for your whole phone. Here is a short step-by-step guide on how to change notification sounds on Android. This app allows you to trim a music file and set it as a ringtone or.